This Tax Day, Don’t Forget About the EITC
April 15, 2019Print
A letter from TCWF Director Lauren Pescatore and Caitlin Arenas Martinez, Director of Public Policy and Advocacy at United Way Worldwide.
Ah, Spring. Birds chirping, flowers blooming, tax paperwork being shuffled. You know the old adage: “April showers bring the deadline for submitting your taxes.”
All joking aside, April 15th, or Tax Day, is right around the corner. And for many, tax season is not a tedious burden—but as welcome as those first tulip blooms of the year.
Each year during tax season, roughly 25 million Americans claim the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a refundable credit designed to offset income or payroll taxes for low- and moderate- income workers.
Taxpayers who earn $55,000 or less are eligible for the EITC, and the credit serves to reward and encourage work as its size grows along with the income a recipient earns throughout the year. Research shows EITC recipients use the credit to pay for things like rent, reliable transportation to work, or groceries.
The impact of this anti-poverty, pro-work tool in local communities has been incredible. In 2016, the EITC lifted close to 6 million people out of poverty and reduced the severity of poverty for almost 19 million people[. What’s more, the credit is linked to improved health and educational outcomes, lower rates of criminal recidivism, and even longer life expectancy.
But the EITC still has room to improve. Currently, the credit largely excludes workers who aren’t raising children at home: the lone group taxed into poverty by our federal tax code. For these taxpayers, including non-custodial parents, the size of the EITC is dramatically smaller than for families with dependent children – maxing out at about $500 – and doesn’t provide the same stabilizing effects. Workers who are below the age of 25 or above the age of 65 and aren’t raising dependent children are excluded from claiming the credit entirely.
Lawmakers can build on the EITC’s success by increasing the maximum credit for workers not raising children at home and extending the age limits. These improvements would benefit approximately 13 million hard-working individuals, helping to build a more inclusive economy and making tax time more rewarding for more of our fellow Americans.